## Two conductors carrying equal and opposite charge produce a non uniform electric field along X – axis given by…

Q: Two conductors carrying equal and opposite charge produce a non uniform electric field along X – axis given by $E = \frac{Q}{\epsilon_0 A} (1 + B x^2)$  where A and B are constants. Separation between the conductors along X=axis is X. Find the capacitance of the capacitor formed.

Sol. Potential difference between the conductors is given by

$\large V = V_+ – V_- = \int_{0}^{x} E dx$

$\large V = \int_{0}^{x} \frac{Q}{\epsilon_0 A} (1 + B x^2) dx$

$\large V = \frac{Q}{\epsilon_0 A} [x + \frac{B x^3}{3}]_{0}^{x}$

$\large V = \frac{Q}{\epsilon_0 A} [x + \frac{B x^3}{3}]$

$\large C = \frac{Q}{V} = \frac{\epsilon_0 A}{x + \frac{B x^3}{3}}$

## A capacitor is charged by a battery . The battery is removed and another identical uncharged capacitor…

Q: A capacitor is charged by a battery . The battery is removed and another identical uncharged capacitor is connected in parallel . The total electrostatic energy of resulting system :

(a) Decreases by a factor 2

(b) Remains same

(c) Increases by a factor 2

(d) Increases by a factor 4

Ans: (a)
Sol: $\large U_i = \frac{1}{2}CV^2$

Common Potential $V’ = \frac{C_1V_1 + C_2 V_2}{C_1+C_2}$

$V’ = \frac{CV + 0}{C+C}$

$V’ = \frac{V}{2}$

$\large U_f = \frac{1}{2}(C+C)(\frac{V}{2})^2$

$\large U_f = \frac{1}{4}CV^2$

$\large \frac{U_f}{U_i} = \frac{1}{2}$

## A fully charged capacitor has a capacitance C. It is discharged through a small coil of resistance…

Q: A fully charged capacitor has a capacitance C. It is discharged through a small coil of resistance wire embedded in a thermally insulated block of specific heat capacity S and mass m. If the temperature of the block is raised by  ΔT, the potential difference V across the capacitor is

(a) $\displaystyle \sqrt{\frac{2 m C \Delta T}{S} }$

(b) $\displaystyle \frac{ m C \Delta T}{S}$

(c) $\displaystyle \frac{ m S \Delta T}{C}$

(d) $\displaystyle \sqrt{\frac{2 m S \Delta T}{C}}$

Ans: (d)
Sol: $\displaystyle \frac{1}{2}C V^2 = m S \Delta T$

$\displaystyle V = \sqrt{\frac{2 m S \Delta T}{C}}$

## In the given figure the capacitor of plate area A is charged upto charge q. The ratio of elongations…

Q: In the given figure the capacitor of plate area A is charged upto charge q. The ratio of elongations (neglect force of gravity) in springs C and D at equilibrium position is (a) $\displaystyle \frac{k_1}{k_2}$

(b) $\displaystyle \frac{k_2}{k_1}$

(c) $\displaystyle k_1 k_2$

(d) $\displaystyle \sqrt{ \frac{k_1}{k_2}}$

Ans: (b)
Sol: Force acting between plates of capacitor is attractive & it is

$\displaystyle F = \frac{q^2}{2 \epsilon_0 A}$

$\displaystyle k_1 x_1 = k_2 x_2$

$\displaystyle \frac{x_1}{x_2} = \frac{k_2}{k_1}$

## In figure, given C1 = 3 μF, C2 = 5 μF, C3 = 9 μF, and C4 = 13 μF . What is the potential difference…

Q: In figure, given C1 = 3 μF, C2 = 5 μF, C3 = 9 μF, and C4 = 13 μF . What is the potential difference between points A and B ? (a) 13 V

(b) 9 V

(c) 0 V

(d) 11 V