SHM of Spring Mass System

Simple Harmonic motion of spring Mass system when spring is horizontal :

If x is a small extension or compression in the spring from the equilibrium state the restoring force produced is given by

F = − k x

Where k is called force constant or spring factor.

∴ Equation of motion of the mass M is given by

$ \displaystyle M\frac{d^2 x}{dt^2} = -kx $

$ \displaystyle \frac{d^2 x}{dt^2} = -\frac{k}{M}x $

This represents an S.H.M. its angular frequency ω is

$ \displaystyle \omega = \sqrt{\frac{k}{M}} $

and the period of oscillation is

$ \displaystyle T = 2\pi \sqrt{\frac{M}{k}} $

Exercise : A spring is cut into two equal parts. What will be the difference in time period of the spring pendulum thus formed from the original spring pendulum ?

SHM of Spring Mass System (spring is vertical)

Simple Harmonic motion of Spring Mass System spring is vertical :

The weight Mg of the body produces an initial elongation, such that Mg − k yo = 0.

If y is the displacement from this equilibrium position the total restoring force will be

Mg − k(yo + y) = − ky

Again we get,

$ \displaystyle T = 2\pi \sqrt{\frac{M}{k}} $

Note that the gravity has no effect on the time period of oscillations.

In general , time period of a spring mass system depends only on spring and mass and it is independent of external forces provided that external forces are constant and acts throughout the motion.

Also Read :

Stable , Unstable & Neutral Equilibrium
S.H.M :Linear SHM & Angular SHM
Analytical Treatment to SHM
Kinetic Energy & Potential Energy & Total Energy in SHM
Average Value of P.E. & K.E. of Harmonic Oscillator
SHM as a projection of circular motion
Simple Pendulum in Inertial & Non Inertial Frame
Time period of a Long Pendulum
Physical Pendulum & Torsional Pendulum
Undamped & Damped simple harmonic oscillations

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