# MCQ | Circle | Co-ordinate Geometry

Practice Test – I

1. If the straight line mx – y = 1 + 2x intersects the circle x2 + y2 = 1 at least at one point, then the set of values of m is

(A) [-4/3 , 0]

(B) [-4/3 , 4/3]

(C) [0 , 4/3]

(D) all of these

Ans: (D)

2. Circles are drawn having the sides of triangle ABC as their diameters. Radical centre of the circles is the

(A) Circumcentre of triangle ABC

(B) In centre of triangle ABC

(C) Orthocentre of triangle ABC

(D) Centroid of triangle ABC

Ans: (C)

3. The circle described on the line joining the points (0, 1), (a, b) as diameter cuts the x-axis at points whose abscissae are roots of the equation

(A) x2 + ax + b = 0

(B) x2 – ax + b = 0

(C) x2 + ax – b = 0

(D) x2 – ax – b = 0

Ans: (B)

4. The straight line y = m x + c cuts the circle x2 + y2 = a2 at real points if

(A) √[a2(1 + m2)] ≤|c|

(B) √[a2(1- m2)] ≤|c|

(C) √[a2(1 + m2)] ≥|c|

(D) √[a2(1 – m2)] ≥|c|

Ans: (C)

5. The centre of a circle passing through the points (0, 0), (1, 0) and touching the circle x2 + y2 = 9 is

(A) (3/2 , 1/2)

(B) (1/2 , 3/2)

(C) (1/2 ,1/2)

(D) (1/2 , -√2)

Ans: (D)

6. If circles are drawn on the sides of the triangle formed by the lines x = 0, y = 0 and x + y = 2, as diameters, then the radical centre of three circles is

(A) (0, 0)

(B) (1, 1)

(C) (√2 , 1)

(D) None of these

Ans: (A)

7. The length of the chord cut off by y = 2x + 1 from the circle x2 + y2 = 2 is

(A) 5/6

(B) 6/5

(C) 6/√5

(D) √5/6

Ans: (C)

8. The coordinates of middle point of the chord 2x – 5y + 18 = 0 cut off by the circle x2 + y2 – 6x + 2y – 54 = 0 is

(A) (1, 4)

(B) (–4, 2)

(C) (4, 1)

(D) (6, 6)

Ans: (A)

9. The locus of the point, such that tangents drawn from it to the circle x2 + y2 – 6x – 8y = 0 are perpendicular to each other, is

(A) x2 + y2 – 6x – 8y –25 = 0

(B) x2 + y2 + 6x – 8y – 25 = 0

(C) x2 + y2 – 6x – 8y + 25 = 0

(D) none of these

Ans: (A)

10. The equation of circle touching the line 2x + 3y + 1 = 0 at the point (1, -1) and passing through the focus of the parabola y2 = 4x is

(A) 3x2 + 3y2 – 8x + 3y + 5 = 0

(B) 3x2 + 3y2 + 8x – 3y + 5 = 0

(C) x2 + y2 – 3x + y + 6 = 0

(D) none of these

Ans: (A)

11. The value of k for which two tangents can be drawn from (k , k) to the circle x2 + y2 + 2x + 2y – 16 = 0 is

(A) k ∈ R+

(B) k ∈ R

(C) k ∈ ( -∞ , -4) ∪ ( 2, ∞)

(D) k ∈ ( 0, 1]

Ans: (C

12. The lines 3x – 4y + λ = 0 and 6x – 8y + μ = 0 are tangents to the same circle. The radius of the circle is

(A) | 2λ-μ |/20

(B) | 2μ-λ |/20

(C) | 2λ+μ |/20

(D) none of these

Ans: (A)

13. The locus of the centres of the circles passing through the origin and intersecting the fixed circle x2+ y2 – 5x + 3y – 1 = 0 orthogonally is

(A) a straight line of slope 3/5

(B) a circle

(C) a pair of straight line

(D) none of these

Ans: (D)

14. If the line y – mx + m – 1 = 0 cuts the circle x2 + y2 – 4x – 4y + 4 = 0 at two real points, then m belongs to

(A) [1, 1]

(B) [-2, 2]

(C) (-∞, ∞)

(D) [-4, 4]

Ans: (C)

15. The equation of the circle with centre on the x-axis and touching the line 3x + 4y – 11 = 0 at the point (1, 2) is

(A) x2 + y2 – x – 4 = 0

(B) x2 + y2 + 2x – 7 = 0

(C) x2 + y2 + x – 6 = 0

(D) none of these

Ans: (C)

16. Equation of a circle with centre (4, 3) touching the circle x2 + y2 = 1 is

(A) x2 + y2 – 8x – 6y – 9 = 0

(B) x2 + y2 – 8x – 6y + 11 = 0

(C) x2 + y2 – 8x – 6y – 11 = 0

(D) x2 + y2 – 8x – 6y + 9 = 0

Ans: (D)

17. The co-ordinates of the point on the circle x2 + y2 – 12x – 4y + 30 = 0 which is farthest from the origin are

(A) (9, 3)

(B) (8,5)

(C) (12, 4)

(D) none of these

Ans: (A)

18. The locus of a point from which the length of tangents to the circles x2 + y2 = 4 and 2(x2 + y2) – 10x + 3y – 2 = 0 are equal, is

(A) a straight line inclined at π/4 with the line joining the centres of the circles

(B) a circle

(C) an ellipse

(D) a straight line perpendicular to the line joining the centres of the circles

Ans: (D)

19. The centre of the circle inscribed in a square formed by the lines x2 – 8x + 12 = 0 and y2 – 14y + 45 = 0 is

(A) (4, 7)

(B) (7, 4)

(C) (9, 4)

(D) (4, 9)

Ans: (A)

20. If from any point on the circle x2 + y2 = a2 tangents are drawn to the circle x2 + y2 = a2 sin2 α , then the angle between the tangents, is

(A) α/2

(B) α

(C) 2α

(D) 4α

Ans: (C)

21. Equation of chord AB of circle x2 + y2 = 2 passing through P(2 , 2) such that PB/PA = 3, is given by

(A) x = 3 y

(B) x = y

(C) y – 2 = √3 (x – 2)

(D) none of these

Ans: (B)

22. Four distinct points (2K , 3K), (1 , 0), (0 , 1) and (0 , 0) lie on a circle when

(A) all values of K are integral

(B) 0 < K < 1

(C) K < 0

(D) For two values of K

Ans: (D)

23. A line is drawn through a fixed point P (a,b) to cut the circle x2+y2 = r2 at A and B. Then PA.PB is equal to

(A) (α + β)2 – r2

(B) α2 + β2 – r2

(C) (α – β)2 + r2

(D) none of these

Ans: (B)

24. If the tangent to the circle x 2 + y2 = 5 at the point (1, -2) also touches the circle x2 + y2 – 8x + 6y + 20 = 0, then its point of contact is

(A) (3 , 1)

(B) (-3 , 1)

(C) (3 , -1)

(D) (-3 , -1)

Ans: (C)

25. The line 4 x + 3y –4 = 0 divides the circumference of the circle centred at (5 , 3) in the ratio 1 : 2. Then the equation of the circle is

(A) x2 + y2 –10x – 6y – 66 = 0

(B) x2 + y2 –10x – 6y +100 = 0

(C) x2 + y2 –10x – 6y + 66 = 0

(D) none of these

Ans: (A)

26. The maximum distance of the point (4, 4) from the circle x2 + y2 – 2x – 15 = 0 is

(A) 10

(B) 9

(C) 5

(D) none of these

Ans: (B)

27. If the circle x2 + y2 + 4x + 22y + l = 0 bisects the circumference of the circle x2 + y2 – 2x + 8y – m = 0 , then l + m is equal to

(A) 60

(B) 50

(C) 40

(D) 56

Ans: (B)

28. The value(s) of m for which the line y = mx lies wholly outside the circle x2 + y2 –2x – 4y +1 = 0, is(are)

(A) m ∈ ( -4/3, 0)

(B) m ∈ ( -4/3, 0]

(C) m ∈ (0, 4/3)

(D) none of these

Ans: (A)

29. A, B, C, D are the points of intersection with the co-ordinate axes of the lines ax + by = ab and bx + ay = ab then

(A) A, B, C, D are concyclic

(B) A, B, C, D forms a parallelogram

(C) A, B, C, D forms a rhombus

(D) none of these

Ans: (A)

30. The length of the tangent from any point on the circle 15x2 + 15y2 – 48x + 64y = 0 to the two circles 5x2 + 5y2 – 24x + 32y + 75 = 0 and 5x2 + 5y2 – 48x + 64y + 300 = 0 are in the ratio of

(A) 1 : 2

(B) 2 : 3

(C) 3 : 4

(D) none of these