# MCQ | Electrostatics

QUIZ TEST– I

Question: 1.  An electron of mass me , initially at rest, moves through a certain distance in a uniform electric field in time t1. A proton of mass mp , also initially at rest, takes time t2 to move through an equal distance in this uniform electric field. Neglecting the effect of gravity, the ratio t2 / t1 is equal to

(A) 1

(B)$\displaystyle (\frac{m_e}{m_p})^{1/2}$

(C) $\displaystyle (\frac{m_p}{m_e})^{1/2}$

(D)$\displaystyle \frac{m_p}{m_e}$

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Ans: (C)

Question: 2. If positively charged pendulum is oscillating in a uniform electric field as shown in figure. Its time period as compared to that when it was uncharged:

(A) will increase

(B) will decrease

(C) will not change

(D) will first increase then decrease

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Ans: (A)

Question: 3. A and B are two concentric spheres If A is given a charge Q while B is earthed as shown in figure :

(A) The charge density of A and B are same

(B) The field inside and outside A is zero

(C) The field between A and B is not zero

(D) The field inside and outside B is zero

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Ans: (C)

Question: 4. The maximum electric field intensity on the axis of a uniformly charged ring of charge q and radius R will be

(A) $\displaystyle \frac{1}{4 \pi \epsilon_0} \frac{q}{3 \sqrt{3} R^2}$

(B) $\displaystyle \frac{1}{4 \pi \epsilon_0} \frac{2 q}{3 R^2}$

(C) $\displaystyle \frac{1}{4 \pi \epsilon_0} \frac{2 q}{3 \sqrt{3} R^2}$

(D) $\displaystyle \frac{1}{4 \pi \epsilon_0} \frac{3 q}{2 \sqrt{2} R^2}$

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Ans: (C)

Question: 5. The figure is a plot of lines of force due to two charges q1 and q2.

Find out the sign of charges

(A) both negative

(B) Upper positive and lower negative

(C) both positive

(D) upper negative and lower positive

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Ans: (A)

Question: 6. There are two concentric metal shells of radii r1 and r2(>r1). If the outer shell has a charge q and the inner shell is grounded, the charge on the inner shell is

(A) zero

(B) -(r1/r2)q

(C) r1r2q

(D) ∞

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Ans: (B)

Question: 7. Electric charge q , q and -2q are placed at the corners of an equilateral triangle ABC of side L. The magnitude of electric dipole moment of the system is

(A) qL

(B) 2qL

(C) (√3)qL

(D) 4qL

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Ans: (C)

Question: 8. Three identical particles of charge Q and mass m are placed such that they form an equilateral triangle of side l . If they are released simultaneously. The maximum speed attained by any one of the particles will be

(A) $\displaystyle Q \sqrt{\frac{1}{2 \pi \epsilon_0 m l}}$

(B) $\displaystyle Q \sqrt{\frac{1}{6 \pi \epsilon_0 m l}}$

(C) Zero.

(D) none of these.

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Ans: (A)

Question: 9. A point charge q is placed at a point on the axis of a non-conducting circular plate of radius r at a distance R ( >> r) from its center. The electric flux associated with the plate is

(A) $\displaystyle \frac{q r^2}{4 \pi \epsilon_0 R^2}$

(B) $\displaystyle \frac{q r^2}{4 \epsilon_0 R^2}$

(C) $\displaystyle \frac{q R^2}{4 \epsilon_0 r^2}$

(D) $\displaystyle \frac{q }{4 \epsilon_0 }$

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Ans: (B)

Question: 10. In the electric field due to a point charge q, a test charge is carried from A to the points B, C, D and E lying on the same circle around q. The work done is

(A) the least along AB

(B) the least along AD

(C) zero along any one of the paths AB, AD, AC and AE

(D) the least along AE.

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Ans: (C)

Question: 11. Find the charge on an iron particle of mass 2.24 mg, if 0.02 % of electrons are removed from it.

(A) -0.01996

(B) 0.01996 C

(C) 0.02 C

(D) 2.0 C

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Ans: (B)

Question: 12. A thick shell with inner radius R and outer radius 3R has a uniform charge density σ c/m3 . It has a spherical cavity of radius R as shown in the figure. The electric field at the centre of the cavity is

(A) zero.

(B) 2σR/εo

(C) 3σR/4εo

(D) 7σR/12εo

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Ans: (D)

Question: 13. The electric potential energy of a uniformly charged thin spherical shell of radius R having a total charge Q is ‘

(A) Q2/4πεoR

(B) Q2/6πεoR

(C) Q2/ 8πεoR

(D) Q2/16πεoR

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Ans: (C)

Question: 14. Two small metallic spheres each of mass ‘m’ are suspended together with strings of length ‘l’ and placed together. When a quantum of charge ‘q’ is transferred to each the strings make an angle of 90° with each other. The value of ‘q’ is

(A) l √(πεomg)

(B) l √(2πεomg)

(C) l √(4πεomg)

(D) l √(8πεomg)

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Ans: (D)

Question: 15. Two concentric spheres of radii R and r have similar charges with equal surface density (σ). The electric potential at their common centre is

(A) σ/εo

(B) (σ/εo)(R-r)

(C) (σ/εo)(R+r)

(D) none of the above

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Ans: (C)

Question: 16. Two connected charges of +q and -q respectively are at a fixed distance AB apart in a non uniform electric field whose lines of force are shown in the figure. The resultant effect on the two charges is

(A) a torque in the plane of the paper and no resultant force

(B) a resultant force in the plane of the paper and no torque

(C) a torque normal to the plane of the paper and no resultant force

(D) a torque normal to the plane of the paper and a resultant force in the plane of the paper

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Ans: (D)

Question: 17. An electron is accelerating in gravity free region in the absence of an electric field. It will lose its energy in form of

(A) thermal energy

(B) loss in gravitational potential energy

(D) none of the above

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Ans: (C)

Question: 18. A charge +10-9 C is located at the origin in free space and another charge Q at (2, 0, 0). If the X-component of the electric field at (3, 1, 1) is zero. The value of Q is

(A) + 2.4 × 10-10 C

(B) – 6.2 × 10-20 C

(C) – 4.3 × 10-10C

(D) – 1.2 × 10-20 C

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Ans: (C)

Question: 19. The figure shows an infinite line charge of density σ C/m. The work done by the electrostatic force on a `unit charge, when it is moved along the path ABC, is (plane of the curve ABC contains the line charge)

(A) zero.

(B) (-σ/2πεo)ln2

(C) (σ/2πεo)ln3

(D) (-σ/2πεo)ln3

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Ans: (D)

Question: 20. A charge ‘Q’ is placed at the centre of a hemispherical surface of radius ‘R’. The flux of electric field due to charge ‘Q’, through the surface of hemisphere is

(A) Q/4εo

(B) Q/4πεo

(C) Q/2εo

(D) Q/2πεo

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Ans: (C)

Click to See All Answers :

1 C   2. A   3. C   4. C   5. A   6. B   7. C   8. A   9. B   10. C

11. B   12. D   13. C   14. D   15. C   16. D   17. C   18. C   19. D   20. C